What does that mean for you? It means Nielsen will pay you $50 a year to keep their app on your favorite internet browsing device. The app itself collects statistics on your internet usage anonymously, so you never have to worry about any data being linked to you. And the best part is, the app takes up barely any space and doesn’t slow down your phone or tablet at all!
Before I talk about some of the methods for making money online, I wanted to address the role of pain versus pleasure. Every decision that we make in life is weighed on a pain-versus-pleasure scale. We will always do more to avoid pain than we will to gain pleasure, plain and simple. However, this is also what holds us back from succeeding in any endeavor.
If you have a background in journalism, or just a passion for it, you can try your hand at submitting articles to publications. Don’t just randomly fire off articles, however; have a plan and, preferably, a contact at the publication you wish to submit to. The good news is that there are publications in pretty much any niche you can think of. To see some publications that are hiring, visit Online Writing Jobs, PoeWar Freelance Jobs, and Writing.com.

I first learned about you when I downloaded your free e-book, How to Make Money – BLOGGING, via Amazon Kindle. It was a sure one-sitting kind of book but is very meaty. I got all the wonderful ideas from your book and finally decided to visit your website to harvest some more inspiration. I am so glad my path was directed here because I also have just started my incognito blog.
One of the great things about the Internet is that it can connect people and companies almost instantly, and companies have found out about it. Companies have found that they can receive almost instant feedback about their products, services, or ad campaigns through the Internet. This is called market research, and before it used to take companies hundreds of thousands of dollars and many months to find average and sometimes outdated data.
Email advertising falls into two categories: sponsored content and traditional display ads, both of which are effective. You can find advertisers using many of the same techniques as you would with web advertising (BuySellAds, having an “Advertise Here” webpage, etc); the difference is that email advertising doesn’t take up any screen real estate on your website and in fact engagement rates tend to be higher (users often know what areas of a website to avoid if they don’t want to see ads).
The other day, I was sitting in my office and one of my colleagues stopped by and excitedly shared a story about how, for a few years now, he’s been hounding his son to stop playing video games so much (specifically Halo). However, his son recently threw my friend and his wife for a loop when he made them an offer — let me play Halo as much as I want, and I’ll earn money doing it.
Let’s face it: if there were really a legitimate way to make hundreds or even thousands of dollars every month simply by doing simple data entry or copying and pasting some stuff, everyone would be doing it. The top companies that operated at the high of this particular scam’s era would still be in business. You’d be able to find tons of positive reviews that looked and felt legitimate and weren’t just hype.

You want to convince the reader to investigate their purchase options by the time they finish reading an article, which is why I’ll always include links to all of the products mentioned in a review at the end of the article. That way it’s an easy transition from learning about the product during your review and then at the end it’s time to make a purchase.


As to the issues in IL… there are plenty of ways to avoid having your business closed up by an idiotic Governor including like moving your business to a neighboring state that’s actually business friendly. There are ways around the issues and I know I wouldn’t let Amazon shutting the program down in my state stop me. I can’t legally advise you what to do, but I’m just saying there are ways around it.
With the need for cash growing among young people, there is a massive influx of teens and kids searching for ways to earn some dough online. There are a billion and one ways a child or teen can make money through the internet, from selling crocheted crafts to creating cool images for websites. Kids are becoming more tech savvy by the year, but how many kids are taking advantage of what they know??? This is how kids can make money online if they hang on to a bit of discipline, persistence, and the drive to succeed!
Hi satrap, I’m from Sri Lanka. I like to do a Online job for earning a extra cash so i joined so much Legitimate sites. but they don’t support because my country is Sri Lanka. so i have to chose what supporting and drop the not supporting sites. but some sites( It’s a few) half supporting, I don’t say it a full support, because that sites maybe don’t send surveys, they send offers only, Sweepstakes, some are only send signing up’s only. but i’m registered these sites now been only a two weeks. so i’m going to keep it up to see what’s going on Online making Money. Because i think it’s gave me a Knowledge somehow. I think my Future It’s give me a way. but next month i will joined for Freelancing, Fiverr and Upwork. Satrap your Blog is so Awesome. It’s easy to read and Understand. satrap can you explain me what is the Different in Blog and Forums? 

Launch a Blog or Podcast: Similiar to creating YouTube videos, a successful blog or podcast can provide a source of income through advertising, affiliate marketing, sponsorships and as a means to sell other products such as e-books. Starting a blog is easy with WordPress.org and thousands of themes, or designs, to choose from. The article, How to Start a Blog Today is a good general guide. And How to Start a Podcast: Pat’s Complete Step-by-Step Podcasting Tutorial is an in-depth overview of how Pat Flynn began his successful Smart Passive Income podcast series.
Some pages on this site contain affiliate links in which I get paid a commission if a purchase is made. I only endorse products or services I've used or gotten great feedback from. In most cases, I endorse products without being an affiliate or receiving any compensation and would never recommend anything if I had concerns that you might not be satisfied with it.
FieldAgent is a downloadable app that combines traditional surveys and data collection with crowdsourcing. They employ thousands of ‘agents’ that do small tasks for businesses. These tasks include checking if products are available on a store shelf, checking to see if a promotional display has been put up, checking prices in-store, mystery shopping and more.

This is a new vertical from Amazon that allows brands and creatives to upload their designs to the site to be sold as t-shirts. There is very little risk involved with this type of sales model as no upfront payment is required, but competition can be high and you will likely need to invest some money into advertising if you don’t have a large following of your own. This opportunity has been so popular that you will need to request an invitation at this time.
Amazon spends millions of dollars on improving the way they get people to convert. The fact that they provide a custom user experience for every person that goes to Online Shopping for Electronics, Apparel, Computers, Books, DVDs & more based on the buying behavior and viewing patterns tells me they know what it takes to close a sale. Some of the best closing advice I can give is to simply find ways to get your visitors onto the Online Shopping for Electronics, Apparel, Computers, Books, DVDs & more webpage and they’ll take care of the rest.
It’s a whole new world online, and getting a “real job” just doesn’t mean what it used to. There are now virtual jobs that pay more than real jobs in most communities, and letting your kids explore the virtual world as an entrepreneur (rather than just as a gamer) will teach them business and marketing skills that they’d probably never otherwise learn.

I don’t suggest this lightly. This is actually how I personally started making a fair amount of cash on the Internet years ago, so I know that it works. It does take work — traveling to antiques, carrying stuff around, photographing Selling Online? Make Sure Your Photos Sell Your Goods Selling Online? Make Sure Your Photos Sell Your Goods How many times have you bought something second-hand in a shop without properly inspecting it first? Any answer other than "never" means you're doing it wrong, and the same is true for Internet sales too.... Read More , listing and packaging — but if you enjoy this kind of thing, you’re going to love selling antiques on eBay.


Bing Rewards – One of the big search engines will pay you to search??? That's amazing! Bing Rewards is Bing's program that awards you points each time you search. The rate changes and right now it's 1 credit per 2 searches, up to 15 credits a day on a computer. You get 1 credit for 2 searches up to 10 credits on mobile. You can get an Amazon.com gift card for every 475 points.
Submit all posts to relevant blog carnivals. Also, socially bookmark every post on as many places as you have time to do so. Place some Adsense on it and maybe a few affiliate products. Then leave it. It might take a few months to get your $100, but it will still be as a result of one day’s work. If this works well for you then there is nothing to stop you from keep creating one of these every day.
Below are the Generous “get paid to read emails” sites that can help you earn you substantial cash in a long run. They are generous sites, because they are not like many other sites which only pay you a split of a penny for your time, these sites pay you generously instead for your efforts. You can watch your account balance adding up in a short time. They all meantime offer referral programs, which means if you can invite your friends and followers to join you, you can make passive income from your referrals.
The best way to make money as a kid is to just start. Choose an easy idea and get to work. Get your first customers from people you know like family, friends, and neighbors. Over-deliver on your product or service and ask for referrals. Make a business plan to grow your business. Look for other opportunities for your next business. Look through these 200+ ideas to find more ways to make money as a kid or teen.
If you want to make money easily as a kid, offer to tutor your friends or neighbors in a subject you're really good at in school, like math. Alternatively, babysit for your neighbors or parents' friends when they go out. When you're off school during the summer, organize a daycare so you can look after younger kids while their parents are at work. Finally, speak to your parents about giving you an allowance in exchange for household chores, like cleaning the house or raking leaves in the garden.

There’s this awesome app called GrabPoints. In a nutshell they pay you for trying out new apps and answering a couple of surveys. I love using it because they are always active on social media giving out points and the rewards are always fair. Like just for signing up you already get $1 then if you use a friend’s invite code you get 50PTS and easy AND your friend gets points in return too! See even simply inviting people earns you money. If you ever happen to try GRABPOINTS please use my invite code: S6FMAC Hope this helps!
What’s the catch? None, really. Cash back apps act as affiliates for many online merchants, which means that whenever you make a purchase through one of the apps, they get a small commission — but then, they give you a portion of that commission as “cash back”. For example, if I buy a pair of Nike shoes through the Ebates app (or website) and spend $75, Ebates may get a $10 commission but then they’ll pass $7 back to me. It’s basically a way to get sale prices on stuff that isn’t on sale!
Another way to utilize your talent and business skills is to run corporate workshops online. Businesses are always looking for unique ways to help educate their workforce, and if you can package your talents into a day or half-day long session, you can sell that to companies all over the world to make money online. Start by building a portfolio and then reaching out on LinkedIn to influencers at relevant companies to see if they would be interested in you teaching their team.
With Amazon's Fulfillment by Amazon, or FBA, business program, you'll pay Amazon even more. The FBA program takes on logistical tasks for your business, such as storing your products in fulfillment centers, packaging and shipping your orders. How much the FBA program will cost you depends on your product's size and weight, along with the type of FBA services you use, but generally, you can expect to pay several dollars to Amazon per item that you sell – or even hundreds if you sell pricier items, like furniture.
If you love to travel and find yourself randomly searching for airfare sales or browsing Lonely Planet, why not carve out a niche for yourself as a private travel agent? My friend, Mark Jackson did just that, making extra money online with his travel consulting side business. Start with word of mouth recommendations from friends who know they can count on you for the cheapest flights, and then move on and create a Facebook or LinkedIn group to invite people who want to stay on top of the latest deals. Eventually you could spin this into a full-time consultancy teaching people how to make their dream trip a reality.
However, if you're looking for realistic ways you can start earning money online now, then it really truly does boil down to seven paths you can take towards profit. Some will provide you with immediate results, helping you to address your basic monthly necessities such as rent, utilities and groceries, while others have the potential to transform your life by revolutionizing your finances in the long term.
Hats off to Satrap for providing us with this detailed, easy to digest and above all, Honest review on the today’s hottest topic “how to make money online” … it is truly of great help not only for newbies but also for professionals. In this time of today’s cruel world, there are a few persons who dare to guide in the right way to the right path and Satrap, you’re one of them. You are an inspiration to me. May God bless you with everything you are looking for. Amen :)
You can also find work as a virtual assistant or remote admin that involves posting and monitoring ads for the person or company hiring you. This will look a lot more like a typical gig, though, and not like a scammy-feeling ad posted on a job board. You’ll need some experience with digital marketing, but once you learn the key benchmarks and factors that go into setting up a digital ad, offering an “ad monitoring” service would be a fairly easy but very valuable service for you to offer your clients.
In your parent's day, the only way to make a living drawing comics was to get your comics into the newspaper or work for DC and Marvel. Today, you can draw comics about anything you want and start your own site to host them with a little money borrowed from mom and dad. Selling t-shirts and space for advertisers is a great way to earn a little money with your own comic.
Going away for a weekend? Have an extra bedroom you're not using? List it on Airbnb! To get started, list your entire home or room on the platform (include high-quality photos and a great description) and then go live. BTW, it's completely free to list your home on Airbnb! Once your home is listed, renters can view it online and book it for a certain amount of time. Guests are charged via the Airbnb platform before arrival, and the money (minus a 3 percent booking fee) is immediately deposited in your account, via PayPal, or international money wire. Some Airbnb hosts are earning thousands each month renting their home out via the platform.
Create videos. According to Cisco, video accounted for 64 percent of consumer internet traffic in 2014, and it is expected to grow to 80 percent by 2019.[4] Video is so popular because it's engaging and allows people to get information and entertainment that’s easy to digest. With so much information available at their fingertips, most people want to get their content quickly and move on. Produce creative videos that educate your customers about your products. Keep the videos relevant to your audience. Also, promote your videos across several social media channels.[5]

If you’re a skilled worker in a specific niche, like marketing, design, or software development, there are specialty marketplaces that cater just to you. These are amazing places to make money online as you know that the people visiting them are looking specifically for the skills you have. Check out places like 99Designs or Dribbble for designers, Cloudpeeps for marketing and SEO professionals, and TopTal, Crew, or Gigster for high-level software developers. Once you've built up your development skills, you can begin building a brand for yourself as a higher-value consultant and start charging brands for larger projects like implementing an entire WordPress security overhaul or migrating a website from http to https.

Ibotta is an app that pays you back for things you buy at the grocery store. The reason I'm listing it here is because when you cash out, the money goes instantly (or almost instantly) to Paypal. I've never had to wait longer than five minutes to get my money from Ibotta! You can also earn from referrals there, too. However, you must have at least $20 in your account to cash out. Still, cashing out every week isn't unrealistic with consistent use.
In this day and age, managing one’s personal finances in a secure manner that allows the user to have a real-time visual representation of their money is easier than ever before. With the numerous applications that are out there — both free and subscription-based — there’s no reason that every person can’t take control of their money and ensure they’re making smart money moves.
Decluttr lets you sell everything from books to CDS to DVDs to electronics and even LEGO! It's my best recommendation for decluttering (hence the name!) by selling stuff you no longer want or need. With books, you just enter in the barcode or ISBN and they'll give you a value. It takes minutes to find out how much your stuff is worth and you don't have to register or anything to price things.
15. Give away premium content for extra $$$ – If you are producing mind-blowing, awesome content that visitors can’t get enough of… you can always try asking them to pay for some of it! (Crazy concept, huh?!) I’m personally fine with paying for premium content. Bear in mind – don’t ask people to pay right away. Instead, stay focused on growing an audience and visitors first.
Be sure to discuss with your parents your plans to earn money online. While there are plenty of legitimate ways to earn money online, there are scams you need to watch out for. Work with your parents to research companies before giving out personal information or entering into any work agreements. Here are a few ideas for some possible online jobs for kids suggested by readers.
Not only does YouTube reign as the most popular video sharing website on the Internet as of December 2013, it offers a variety of options for the savvy businessman looking to make money via video advertising. The website will place your pre-made advertisements before a streaming video begins, using special algorithms and viewer demographics to specially target potential customers according to your specifications. You only pay for an ad if a customer chooses to watch the entire ad you've marketed, giving you a broader chance of reaching your audience. Also, if you create your own video content and own the copyright to all materials you use, you can become a YouTube Partner and monetize your videos, allowing you to capitalize off your views and subsequent ad revenue.
There are other benefits to consider with the FBA program, too. Amazon Prime members, for example, can pay for products without being charged extra in shipping fees, making your products more attractive than competitors who aren't in the FBA program. Plus, by being in the FBA program, Amazon handles product returns, so you can spend more time on other facets of the business.
I was following someone else’s guide and they said you should have a static front page, but I feel like I would be getting more views and more clicks if I had the opposite ie; my latest blogs on the homepage. I also checked my stats and when I link to an article/review people stay longer. When I link to the home page they don’t stay as long AND a higher bounce rate. My bounce rate for the homepage is literally 3,000 in the past month. They hit that homepage and stay for around 7 minutes which means most are probably reading the static page, but then they just… leave.

You wouldn’t install the same Google Analytics code on every single website you own right? Of course not, because you wouldn’t be able to tell how much traffic each of your websites were receiving individually. So the same thing can be said for tracking the money you make on your websites (and yet people still tell me they use only one Amazon tracking ID for all of their websites /facepalm). In the past I’ve gone so far as to create 15 different tracking ID’s for use on a single website.
eBay: With eBay, the procedure is very similar. You simply start by becoming an eBay seller and stay in good standing by making sure your PayPal account is verified, and then you can sign up for your store. These three steps allow you to piggyback on eBay’s reputation, reach, and sales and marketing infrastructure in order to sell your own products.
We provide our members with access to live paid surveys every single day and we provide fast payments as a reward for their hard work. You can access all of the surveys and offers available on Superpay.me 7 days a week, 365 days a year. We issue around half of our members payments instantly meaning cash is in their account in just a few minutes, and over 90% of requests are processed in less than 8 hours.
Teaching and tutoring English as a second language is a great way to make money online, not to mention open some doors for you to travel the world if you'd like. While full ESL (English as a Second Language) accreditation is recommended, as long as you’re a native speaker and have the ability to teach, there are people in countries such as Hong Kong or the UAE who are willing to pay upwards of $25/hr for you to tutor them English via Skype. Check out Indeed, Learn4Good and Remote.co for remote english tutoring jobs or sign up on a specialized site like VerbalPlanet or Chegg Tutors.
Fiverr is one of the biggest providers in the gig economy on the web and you can sell a wide variety of services and products through this medium. Do the research and find out what you can offer. However, keep in mind that like any other money-making task, it takes time to succeed here. And stellar reviews will help you generate more and more income over time.
Better yet, you can even upload your own book to one of the world’s largest book sellers: Amazon. With Amazon self-publishing, you set the price, retain the rights to your book, and get access to Amazon’s massive audience. For every sale, you keep 70% with Amazon taking the remainder as a fee. If you want to get started, check out Leslie Samuel's great guide to selling eBooks online or follow Tara Gentile on CreativeLive as she shows you how to use your existing body of work to write an eBook within the next week. Who knows, you might just write one of the best business books of this year!

One of the cool things about Google AdSense is that it's so easy to get set up. If you have a blog or website, you can sign up for a free Google AdSense Account. From there, Google will give you a unique code that you will paste onto your website. Google takes it from there, tracking your page views, traffic, and earnings on your behalf. There is no upkeep or maintenance to get this thing going, which makes it a no-brainer if you have a website already.
My 10-year-old son brought home a book from our park’s free library box. It was a biology textbook – teachers edition. He said it looked interesting and hey, it was free (having no idea you could sell it). I scanned it in my Amazon seller app and realized it was worth around $150. He was so excited. We listed it for sale for $130 and it sold! Going to tell him, he just made $130!

In your parent's day, the only way to make a living drawing comics was to get your comics into the newspaper or work for DC and Marvel. Today, you can draw comics about anything you want and start your own site to host them with a little money borrowed from mom and dad. Selling t-shirts and space for advertisers is a great way to earn a little money with your own comic.
The best way to make money as a kid is to just start. Choose an easy idea and get to work. Get your first customers from people you know like family, friends, and neighbors. Over-deliver on your product or service and ask for referrals. Make a business plan to grow your business. Look for other opportunities for your next business. Look through these 200+ ideas to find more ways to make money as a kid or teen.
I personally think it's not worth the efforts and time - and apparently everyone else who made it big on Amazon think the same ...because they all became "gurus" of Amazon that try to sell the KNOWLEDGE now... meaning it doesn't make them much money to actually sell on Amazon anymore (too much competition) , so they're trying now the "Mentoring" path...
I was very impressed with the comprehensive and organized detail of the book. The author presents invaluable step by step information for the start-up process and ongoing progress of an online business. With today's economic shifts and corporate downturns, I feel this book will find a very important niche in the lives of many seeking more meaningful financial independence and success.
One of the ways I’ve also been able to make good money with Amazon is to automatically populate information from a WordPress plugin that I had developed based on the needs I had for building Amazon centric websites. The result was EasyAzon. The plugin allows you to insert information and affiliate links to Amazon in a much faster way than creating the links yourself by hand from Amazon.com.
Hi I’ve tried to make money on Amazon. Had a great looking website but had no hits or anything in two months and when I called them to see why I’m not getting any hits they said to me do you have a domain name and I said no you guys never told me I needed one. So I closed my site and never tried again. I’m thinking of trying again maybe I might do it this time
Why? Simply because the Internet connects billions of people with one another and it should come as no surprise that opportunities abound. If you want to know how to get free money online, all you need to do is sign up for an account at a website like Get-Paid.com. How do things work? Simply put, there are three parties involved: you, the Get-Paid team and the advertiser.
Chances are pretty high that spend a good amount of time each day on social media. Instead of seeing what your friends are up to grow a following. Whether you are on Instagram, Youtube, Musically, or Snapchat you can make money if you have enough followers. You can sell products and get a commission through what is called affiliates and companies will pay you to promote their brand. So cool. Learn how to make money online here.
Not only does YouTube reign as the most popular video sharing website on the Internet as of December 2013, it offers a variety of options for the savvy businessman looking to make money via video advertising. The website will place your pre-made advertisements before a streaming video begins, using special algorithms and viewer demographics to specially target potential customers according to your specifications. You only pay for an ad if a customer chooses to watch the entire ad you've marketed, giving you a broader chance of reaching your audience. Also, if you create your own video content and own the copyright to all materials you use, you can become a YouTube Partner and monetize your videos, allowing you to capitalize off your views and subsequent ad revenue.

Hey, i loved the article. i have a bad back, and mental disorders that prevent me from working a taxing job in retail or something like that. I am in between jobs right now and i found this site called InfiniteWorkers. it is based out of the UK, but they pay you in USD to do small tasks. im not making enough to fully support myself but the extra cash does help a lot :) i hope this helps you guys!
I`m really excited in reading this useful info in the article. I found some resources that I have already known but of course there`s a something new regarding of making an extra money from home. But the only one thing I have missed in this place is the easiest way to make money online ( in my opinion) It`s Affiliate marketing or selling other people`s products or services

One of the best places to monitor for regular new online writing gigs 5 Websites Where Freelance Writers & Coders Can Find Work 5 Websites Where Freelance Writers & Coders Can Find Work Freelancing has its benefits, but the difficulty comes in finding people and companies to whom you can market yourself. Fortunately, there are now more places to find freelancing gigs than ever before. Read More is the jobs board at ProBlogger.


It’s time to see what your options are, and find your doorway to start virtually pulling money out of thin air with your Smartphone.  We reviewed 10 Apps that will pay you  FAST  to use them.  These detailed individual analysis’ of how these Apps pay their users in imaginative and intelligent ways will jar you into realizing just how big the world is, in this new globally connected economy.
27. Sponsored/paid posts – Many blogs publish sponsored and paid posts. Sponsored posts are basically just posts about a specific brand, product or service. A company will pay you to publish an article about it. It’s similar with other paid posts as well. Your basically selling the spot for the article on your site. If you decide to take this route, you’ll want to build your traffic before you will get many offers.
I just wanted to say that this is, by far, one of the best articles I’ve come across that talks about making money online. I’ve searched all over the place for an article-or website- that has all the information in one place, and is easy to follow. This is the exact article I was looking for! I deeply appreciate the fact that you took your time to write this, and share it with all of us- we really needed this!
Well, these suggestions are ertainly . . . optimistic. Last (two-day, when three different neighbors already had ads in and signs up for theirs) rummage sale I had, I think I made $70, and that was only because I sold a no-brand tablet for $40. I gave up on InBox–you’re restricted to the number of points you can get unless you spend money on one of their offers–and they never had any good offers.SendEarnings is a little better (there are opportunities to get money without having to spend money), but their Survey section hasn’t been working right and they keep blaming me for the problem. SwagBucks–I understand it used to be good, but now one has to do so much for so little points, it’ll take you years to get a payout.

If my piece of content is so unique and valuable around hiking backpack recommendations, that other reputable outdoor websites are willing to link to it and build the page’s authority, then I’d have a very real opportunity to rank high in organic search for these search terms (meaning, my page will come up first when someone searches for hiking backpacks).
Make money by delivering food from restaurants to hungry customers. With Uber Eats, you apply to be a driver, and once accepted, you log into the app and start taking on assignments. You'll earn $2.60 to pick up the order, $1.15 per mile to the dropoff destination, and $1.00 for delivery. Payments can be made via direct deposit (takes one week) or you can get paid instantly with Instant Pay.
Cash4Books is an online portal where you can sell new and used books. Grab your books and head to the website, here you’ll be able to enter each book’s ISBN, which is a 10 or 13 digit number that can be found on the back cover or inside the front cover of almost all books. Once you have entered each code, you’ll receive a quote for each book. Next, send your books in with a pre-paid shipping label. Once they receive your books, you’ll be paid either via check or PayPal.
If you already have a website or blog, look for vendors that offer related but noncompeting products and see if they have an affiliate program. Stick to familiar products and brands—they're easier to sell. For promotion, place simple text or graphics-based ads in appropriate places on your site; you can review or recommend products or create a dedicated sales page or website to promote a particular product.
More and more companies and startups especially are embracing remote work—where you use online collaboration and communication tools to do your work from wherever you want. And you don’t have to be a 20-something hotshot designer or coder to reap the benefits of working remotely. Many remote positions are for customer support positions or other customer-facing positions that don’t require specialized skill sets.
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